DIY Wireless
Home
Basic Networking
Installing Hardware
Networking Tutorials
Glossary
DIY Computers
About this Site
Home >> Tutorials >> Windows XP Ethernet Configuration

Windows XP Ethernet Configuration

This section illustrates how to configure an ethernet adaptor, a network card that is used on an ethernet or "wired" network. It may also be referred to as a Local Area Connection. Although the focus of this website is to assist the reader to create a wireless network some devices must be configured and in many cases this can only be initially done by connecting to the device via an ethernet connection. Click on the images if you wish to see a full size version.

Click on the Start Menu - Click to EnlargeMost settings on your computer are controlled via the Windows XP Control Panel. To go to the Control Panel simply click on your start menu located in the bottom left hand corner of your screen and click on Control Panel.

Windows XP Control Panel - Click to Enlarge The Control Panel is divided into different categories that control different aspects of your computer. Inside Control Panel on the left hand side you will see either switch to Classic View or switch to Category View. Ensure that the Control Panel is in Category View. Locate the Network and Internet Connections category and click on it.

Network and Internet Connections - Click to EnlargeInside Network and Internet Connections you will be given the option to Pick a Task or Pick a Control Panel icon. Double Click on Network Connections underneath Pick a Control Panel Icon.

Network Connections - Click to EnlargeNetwork Connections allows you to view and configure the network interfaces on your computer. It can have several categories depending on what network connections are present or configured on your computer. Your ethernet adaptor will be found in the LAN or High Speed Internet category and will be labelled Local Area Connection, followed by a number if you have more than one ethernet card. Once located, double click on it.

Local Area Connection Status - Click to EnlargeThe Local Area Connection status box provides information on your ethernet adaptor including speed and its level of connectivity. Click on the properties button located on the bottom left hand corner.

Local Area Connection Properties - Click to EnlargeThe properties button will open up yet another box that allows the reader to view the various protocols etc used by the particular interface you are configuring. As we use TCP/IP exclusively on this website the one we shall double click on is Internet Protocol(TCP/IP). Alternately you may highlight it by single clicking on it and click the properties button below and to the right.

Local Area Connection DHCP configuration - Click to EnlargeIt is in the Internet Protocol(TCP/IP) Properties that we finally get to the settings required to make the ethernet adaptor work properly. Its in this pane that we configure the local area connections IP address, subnet mask, gateway (or router) address and nameservers. If "Obtain an IP address automatically" and "Obtain DNS server address automatically" are selected by clicking on the circle to the left of the option (which places a dot inside it to show it is selected) then the computer will expect to receive these details from a dhcp server and no further configuration is necessary. This is referred to as being a DHCP client and is the default configuration for any interface on a Windows computer.

Local Area Connection Fixed IP configuration - Click to EnlargeIf a dhcp server is not available, undesirable or if you are initially configuring a device that does not have a dhcp server enabled by default you may need to manually specify your IP address etc. If you are unsure as to what is required please consider reading our Basic Networking Guide for further information. The example to the right of this paragraph is configured with an IP address of 192.168.1.125 and has a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 so that it can talk to all hosts (computers, devices etc) connected to the same network as it with an IP address between 192.168.1.1 and 192.168.1.254. Its default gateway is 192.168.1.1, which is the address of another host on the same network which may be an adsl modem, wireless router or even another computer that has internet connection sharing enabled. It is through the default gateway that this computer will expect to be able to communicate with other hosts not on its own network. Finally there is the nameserver addresses. These are computers usually run by your Internet Service Provider that translate URLS such as http://www.diywireless.com to the IP address of the computer that contains the information your require, for example a website. Check their website or contact them and ask if you dont know what they are. Without nameservers you will not get far on the internet.

Once you have completed configuring your local area connection be sure to click ok on the bottom of the Internet Protocol Properties screen and the click ok once again on the previous screen, Local Area Connecion Properties.Close of any other screens that may be open with the X on the top right hand corner until you are back to your desktop. Your ethernet adaptor should now be configured.

 

 

© 2007 diywireless.com